Word Stress Interactive English Second Year Intermediate Study Material With Answers

19. Mark the stress for any eight of the following words [8×1/2=4Marks]

Rules Of Word Stress

Rule 1: Words with weak prefixes

World’s beginning with ( a, be, de, re, con) the stress falls on the 2nd syllable.

abederecon
a’loudbegan defeatregretcontinue
abovebecamedegreereb’paycon’clusion
alonebeliefdefencere’playcon’tent
re’vengecon’sent

Rule 2: Compound Words

a) A compound word is a word that is composed of two words. in such words, the stress falls on the first syllable

toothpastegrandmaster
book shop time table
foot balljellyfish

b) Words that ends in ever, self, and selves the stress falls on the second syllable.

everselfselves
howeveryourselfthemselves
whosevermyselfourselves
foreverhimself
wheneveritself
whateverourself

Rule 3: Words which denote number numbers have a specific stress pattern

a) Words which denote numbers and that end in teen the stress falls on teen

Seventeen thir’teen
Canteenfif’teen

b) Words that denote the multiples of tens, the stress falls on the first syllable

‘thirty six-thousand
twenty‘fifty

Rule 4: Suffixes

a) Words that end in ee, ier, ette, queue, and aire the stress falls on the last syllable

eeeerettequeaire
Emplo’yeeEngi’neerga’zetteu’niquemillionaire
addre’sseeprofi’tteerciga’retteo’bliquebillionaire
refe’reevolun’teerheor’gettecri’tique
absen’teeauctio’neerkitche’nettean’tique
devo’teePio’neersuffra’gettepict’resque
exami’neeelectio’neertech’nique

b) Words end in ion ial ie and ious/eous the stress fall on the second syllable from the end

ionialieious/eous
deco’rationpo’tentialpatri’oticno’torious
appli’cationof’ficialsympa’thetic‘conscious
exami’nationes’sentialaca’demiccere’monious
prepa’ration‘social‘logicam’bitious
combi’nationfi’nancialhis’toriccou’rageous
‘stationre’medialfa’naticde’licious
so’lution‘partial

c) Words that end in ical , ity, ize ,logy and graphy take stress on the third syllable from the end.

ianicalityizelogygraphy
mu’sicianhis’toricala’bility‘civilizebio’logyge’ography
li’brarian‘opticalca’pacity‘symbolizezo’ologybi’ography
co’median‘practicaloppor’tunity’emphasizephysi’ologychore’graphy

Rule 5 : Stress shift

One very important feature of word stress is the stress shift. That is the stress shift when some suffixes are added to a word.
Example : e’conomy e’conomic econo’metrics ‘photograph pho’tographer Photo’graphic

In the above examples you have seen that the edition of a suffix results in stress shift but they are some suffixes which do not affect the stress some of them are

ageancementeressship
‘carryat’tend‘enlightenbe’gin‘actor‘schlor
‘carriageat’tendance‘englightenmentbe’ginner‘actress‘scholarship
WordStress English
WordStress English

Exercises

1. In the following disyllabic words the stress falls on the first syllable. (Page No 220)

‘apple‘action‘atom‘centre‘cotton
‘sorry‘business‘paper‘interest‘lawyer
‘novel‘nature‘author‘common‘father
‘danger‘service‘doctor‘freedom‘damage
‘system.‘water‘always‘doubt‘mother

2. In the following disyllabic words the stress falls on the second syllable. (Page 221)

be’causea’roundpre’parebe’forebe’gin
can’teende’greefor’givema’chinea’dopt
Ju’lysu’ccessga’ragede’scribea’laram
ex’tracten’joybal’loonho’teldi’rect
com’pletegar’bageca’reerab’sentbefore

3. Mark the stress on the following words (Page 221)

‘Adjectivea’partmentaf’fectiona’bout
‘Botany‘bachelorbe’hindbe’lieve
‘Capitalcon’tainercol’lector‘Centre
Cre’atedcon’tinue‘character‘comfort
Cer’tificatecon’fusion‘centurydi’rector
Di’sputede’scribeen’joyeigh’teen
For’mation‘famous‘governmentho’tel
‘Incident‘mistaken‘momentover’take
‘Perfect‘questionre’hearsalsa’lute
To’dayto’morrowtele’visionunder’stand
A’go‘victory‘cinema‘junior
De’licious‘excellent‘happy‘people

4. You have read the stress rules on suffixes. Follow the rules and mark the stress on the following words. (Page 221)

Pu’blicitypossibilitysimp’licityne’cessity
Stu’pidityte’nacityinfor’mationconver’sation
Appli’cationobser’vationplan’tationpo’litical
‘Cyclicalme’chanicalter’rificscientific
Catas’trophicspe’cificener’geticrea’listic
Refu’geetrai’neelu’xurious‘conscious
Sus’piciousju’diciousca’reerit’self
Gene’rationva’cationa’trocioushu’mility
Civili’zationcon’fusionfal’laciouscuri’osity
Obser’vation‘nationgram’maticalmo’rality
Licenseedu’cationvisi’bility‘humanize
selectionceremonylegibilityauthorize

5. The following words have weak prefixes. Put sstress mark on the word and refer to the dictionary. (Page 222)

A ‘farbe’friendbe’littlebe’come
A’crossal’thougha’greea’round
A’gaina’sleepa’livear’rive
Re’sistanta’headac’cordingin’debted
A’broada’fraidbe’causea’part

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